The Muses in Greek mythology, poetry, and literature are the goddesses or spirits who inspire the creation of literature and the arts. They were considered the source of the knowledge, related orally for centuries in the ancient culture, that was contained in poetic lyrics and myths.
Muse |myoōz| noun
• (in Greek and Roman mythology) each of nine goddesses, the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, who preside over the arts and sciences.
• ( muse) a woman, or a force personified as a woman, who is the source of inspiration for a creative artist.
The Muses are generally listed as:
Calliope (epic poetry),
Euterpe (flute playing and lyric poetry),
Terpsichore (choral dancing and song),
Erato (lyre playing and lyric poetry),
Thalia (comedy and light verse),
Polyhymnia (hymns, and later mime), and
ORIGIN late Middle English : from Old French, or from Latin musa, from Greek mousa.